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Peer Reviewed Publications


Gile KJ, Johnston LG, Salganik MJ. Diagnostics for respondent-driven sampling. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. A. 2015. Download here: Diagnostics 2014 Statistics.pdf.


Johnston LG,
 Alami K, El Rhilani MH, et al. HIV, syphilis and sexual risk behaviours among men who have sex with men in Agadir and Marrakesh, Morocco. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2013. [Epub ahead of print].

Johnston LG, Caballero TV, Dolores Y, Vales HM. HIV, Hepatitis B/C and syphilis prevalence and risk behaviors among gay/trans/men who have sex with men, Dominican Republic. International Journal for STD and AIDS. 2013. 24(4):313-321.

McCreesh N, Copas A, Seeley J, Johnston LG, et al. Respondent Driven Sampling: Determinants of Recruitment and a Method to Improve Point Estimation. PLoS ONE. 2013. 8(10):e78402.

Zohrabyan L, Johnston LG, et al. Determinants of HIV infection among Female Sex Workers in two cities in the Republic of Moldova: The role of injection drug use and sexual risk. AIDS and Behavior.  March 29, 2013. [Epub ahead of print].  

Zohrabyan L, Johnston LG, et al. HIV, Hepatitis and Syphilis Prevalence and Correlates of condom use during anal sex among men who have sex with men in the Republic of Moldova. International Journal for STD and AIDS. 2013. 24 (5):357-364.

Johnston LG, Chen YH, Silva-Santisteban A, Raymond AH. An empirical examination of Respondent Driven Sampling design effects among HIV risk groups from studies conducted around the world.  AIDS and Behavior. 2013. 17(6):2202-10.

Johnston LG, Prybylski D, Raymond HF, et al. Incorporating the service multiplier method in respondent driven sampling surveys to estimate the size of hidden and hard-to-reach populations: Case studies from around the world.Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2013. 40(4):304-10

Montealegre JR, Johnston LG, Murrill C, Monterroso E. Respondent Driven Sampling for HIV Biological and Behavioral Surveillance in Latin America and the Caribbean. AIDS and Behavior. 2013. 17(7):313-2340. 

Johnston LG, Corceal S. Unexpectedly high HIV and Hepatitis C prevalence among female sex workers in the Republic of Mauritius: Strong association with injecting drug use. AIDS and Behavior. 2013. 17(2):574-84.

Manopaiboon C, Prybylski D, Subhachaturas W, Tanpradech S, Suksripanich O, Siangphoe U, Johnston LG, et al. Unexpectedly high HIV prevalence among female sex workers in Bangkok, Thailand in a respondent-driven sampling survey. International Journal for STD and AIDS. 2013.


Johnston LG, Paz Bailey G, Morales-Miranda S, et al. High Prevalence of M. genitalium among Female sex workers in Honduras:  Implications for the spread of HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections. International Journal STD and AIDS. 2012. 23(1):5-11.

Bozicevic, I, Lepej S, Rode O, Grgic I, Jankovic P, Dominkovic Z, Lukas D, Johnston LJ, Begovac J. Prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections and patterns of recent HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Zagreb, Croatia. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2012. 88(7):539-544.

McCreesh N, Johnston LG, Copas A, et al. Evaluation of the role of location and distance in recruitment in respondent-driven sampling. International Journal of Health Geographics. 2012, 10:56.

McCreesh N, Frost SDW, Seeley J, Katongole J, Tarsh MN, Ndunguse R, Jichi F, Lunel NL, Maher D, Johnston LG, Sonnenberg P, Copas A, Hayes RJ, White RG.  Evaluation of Respondent-driven Sampling. Epidemiology. 2012. 23:138–147.


Johnston LG, Saumtally A, Corceal S, et al. High HIV and hepatitis C prevalence amongst injecting drug users in Mauritius: Findings from a population size estimation and respondent driven sampling survey. International Journal of Drug Policy. 2011. 22(4):252-8.

Townsend L, Mathews C, Jewkes R, Johnston LG, et al. HIV risk behaviours and their relationship to intimate partner violence (IPV) among men who have multiple female sexual partners in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 2011. 15(1):132-141.

Taran YS, Johnston LG, Pohorilac NB, Saliuk T. Correlates of HIV risk among Injecting Drug Users in sixteen Ukrainian Cities. AIDS and Behavior. 2011. 15(1):65-74.

Dahoma M, Johnston LG, Holman A, et al.  HIV, viral hepatitis, syphilis and associated risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in Zanzibar, Tanzania. AIDS and Behavior. 2011. 15(1):186-92.

Townsend L, Ragnarsson A, Mathews C, Johnston LG, et al. “Taking care of business”: Alcohol as currency in transactional sexual relationships among ‘players’ in Cape Town, South Africa. Qualitative Health Research. 2011. 21(1):41-50.


Townsend L, Johnston LG, Fisher A, et al. Effectiveness of Respondent-Driven Sampling to Recruit High Risk Heterosexual Men Who Have Multiple Female Sexual Partners: Differences in HIV Prevalence and Sexual Risk Behaviours Measured at Two Time Points. AIDS and Behavior. 2010. 14(6):1330-1339.

Johnston LG, Holman A, Dahoma M, et al. HIV risk and the overlap of injecting drug use and high-risk sexual behaviours among men who have sex with men in Zanzibar (Unguja), Tanzania2010. International Journal of Drug Policy. 21:485–492

Johnston LG, Sabin K. Échantillonnage déterminé selon les répondants pour les populations difficiles à joindre (in French) or Sampling hard-to-reach populations with respondent driven sampling (In English).  Methodological Innovations Online. 2010. 5(2):38-48.

Johnston LG, Whitehead S, Simic M, Kendall, C. Formative research to optimize Respondent Driven Sampling surveys among hard to reach populations in HIV behavioral and biological surveillance:  Lessons learned from four case studies. AIDS Care. 2010. 22(6):784-92.

Johnston LG, Sabin K, Prybylski. Update for sampling most-at-risk and hidden populations for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance. Journal of HIV/AIDS Surveillance & Epidemiology. 2010. 2(1).,%202(1)%3A2%5D

Uusküla A, Johnston LG, Raag M, et al. Evaluating recruitment among Female Sex Workers and Injecting Drug Users at Risk for HIV using Respondent Driven Sampling in Estonia. Journal of Urban Health. 2010. 87(2):304-17.

Johnston LG, Thurman TR, Mock N, et al. Respondent-driven sampling: A new method for studying street children with findings from Albania. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. 2010. 5(1):1-11. 

Johnston LG, O’Bra H, Chopra M, et al. The associations of voluntary counseling and testing acceptance and the perceived likelihood of being HIV-infected among men with multiple sex partners in a South African township. AIDS and Behavior. 2010. 14(4):922-931.


Johnston LG, Trummal A, Lõhmus L, Ravalepik A. Efficacy of convenience sampling through the internet versus respondent driven sampling among males who have sex with males in Tallinn and Harju County, Estonia:  Challenges reaching a hidden population. AIDS Care. 2009. 21(9):1195-1202.

Kasianczuk, MG, Johnston LG, Dovbakh, AV, Leszczynski, EB.  Risk factors associated with condom use among men who have sex with men in Ukraine. Journal of LGBT Health Research. 2009. 5:51-62.

Judd A, Rhodes T, Johnston LG, Platt L, et al.  Improving survey methods in sero-epidemiological studies of injecting drug users: unlinked anonymous and rapid HIV testing in two community settings in Serbia and Montenegro. British Medical Journal. 2009. 9:14 doi:10.1186/1471-2334-9-14. Access at

Chopra M, Townsend L, Johnston LG, et al. HIV risk behaviors and prevalence among heterosexual men with multiple sex partners in Cape Town. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009. 51(1):72-7. 

Bozicevic I, Dakovic OR, Zidovec LS, Johnston LG, et al. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections and sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in Zagreb, Croatia. AIDS and Behavior. 2009. 13 (2): 303-309.


Johnston LG, Malekinejad M, Rifkin MR, et al. Implementation challenges to using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance: Field experiences in international settings. AIDS and Behavior. 2008.12(Suppl 1): 131-141.

Malekinejad M, Johnston LG, Kendall C, et al. Using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance in international settings: A systematic review. AIDS and Behavior. 2008.12(Suppl 1): 105-130.

Kendall C, Kerr L, Gondim C, Werneck G, Macena R, Pontes M, Johnston LG, et al. An empirical comparison of respondent-driven sampling, time location sampling, and snowball sampling for behavioral surveillance in men who have sex with men, Fortaleza, Brazil. AIDS and Behavior. 2008. 12(Suppl 1):97-104.  


Johnston LG, Khanam R, Reza M, et al. The effectiveness of respondent driven sampling for recruiting males who have sex with males in Dhaka, Bangladesh: A pilot study. AIDS and Behavior. 2007. 2(2): 294-304.


Johnston LG, Sabin K, Hien MT, Huong PT. Effectiveness of respondent-driven sampling to recruit female sex workers in two cities in Vietnam. Journal of Urban Health. 2006. 83 (Suppl 7):16–28.   

Simic M, Johnston LG, Platt L, et al. Appropriateness of using respondent driven sampling in sex worker populations in Eastern Europe:  emerging evidence and key issues for formative research. Journal of Urban Health.2006. 83 (Suppl 7):6-15.   

Platt L, Wall M, Rhodes T, Judd A, Hickman M, Johnston LG, et al. Methods to recruit hard-to-reach groups: Comparing two chain referral sampling methods of recruiting injecting drug users across nine studies in Russia and Estonia. Journal of Urban Health. 2006. 83 (Suppl 7):28-34.   


Krakow B, Melendrez D, Haynes PL, Warner TD, Sisley B, Johnston LG, et al. Clinical Sleep Disorders in a large sample of trauma survivors: An interdisciplinary view of posttraumatic sleep disturbance. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2005; 42(2):333-345.


Krakow B, Haynes PL, Warner TD, Santana E, Melendrez D, Johnston LG, et al. Nightmares, insomnia, and sleep-disordered breathing in fire evacuees seeking treatment for posttraumatic sleep disturbance. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2004; 17(3):257-68.


Krakow B, Melendrez D, Johnston LG et al. Sleep dynamic therapy in Cerro Grande fire evacuees with posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2002; 63(8):673-684.


Krakow B, Johnston LG, Melendrez D et al. Treatment of insomnia and nightmares in crime victims with PTSD.American Journal of Psychiatry. 2001; 158:2043-2047.

Krakow B, Hollifield M, Johnston LG et al.  A randomized controlled study of imagery rehearsal for chronic nightmares for sexual assault survivors with PTSD. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2001; 286(5):537-545.

Krakow B, Germain A, Schraeder R, Hollifield M, Koss M, Warner T, Tandberg D, Melendrez D, Johnston LG. The relationship of sleep quality and posttraumatic stress to potential sleep disorders in sexual assault survivors with nightmares, insomnia and PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress.  2001. 14:647-665.

Krakow B, Melendrez D, Pedersen B, Johnston LG, et al. Complex insomnia: insomnia and sleep-disordered breathing in a consecutive series of crime victims with nightmares and posttraumatic stress disorder. Biological Psychiatry. 2001. 49:948-953.


Krakow B, Artar A, Warner T, Melendrez D, Johnston LG, et al.  Potential Sleep Disorders and their relationship to depression and suicidality in female sexual assault survivors with nightmares and posttraumatic stress disorder.Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.  2000. (21):163-170.

Lisa G. Johnston,
Nov 27, 2014, 4:24 AM